For walls, furniture, and objects
Stippling, also known as pouncing, is a textured effect
that simulates a fine, sandy appearance. This is a lovely finish, produced an
wall surfaces, as well as an excellent treatment for trim, doors and window
frames. Using a special brush known as a stippling brush creates this finish.
You can buy special commercially made
They tend to be expensive, so it is important to constantly clean these
brushes during use to prolong their use and to protect your investment. To
create your own, inexpensive stipple brushes, follow the simple procedure by clicking
An eggshell sheen is recommended for all surfaces being
treated with all decorative finishes produced by the Negative method of glaze
It is recommended that two individuals work in tandem to
produce this finish.
The method that
follows is designed to create a soft subtle decorative effect, ideally suited
for trim, moldings, furniture and doors and window frames.
Step 1: Remove
all nails and repair any damaged or cracked areas. Prime as needed. Refer to
the artsparx basic preparation resource for tips and techniques.
Step 2: For
wall surfaces, tape off all baseboard edges, ceiling edge, trim and doorframes.
Remove all electrical and light switch cover plates. For trim, doors and window
frames, isolate moldings, doors and trim by taping off wall surfaces and
surrounding areas. Cover furniture and floor areas with drop cloths.
|Base colors and mixing your glaze
Determine the overall color value of the room or surface being treated. Choose
an eggshell base color of your choice that is approximately two values lighter
than the overall color value you would like to achieve.
For oil-based paints allow to fully dry (24 hrs).
Step 4: Mix the
secondary, stipple color. In a bucket create a color combination that is a
value or two darker than the base color. Glaze coat is mixed as a concentrated
color, then diluted to the proper fluidity needed for the glazing process. As a
general rule it is better to mix too much glaze color than not enough. It is
very difficult to match the custom color once you have started glazing a room.
For most rooms, one quart of
oil based glazing liquid will be
sufficient. Using universal tinters, add color slowly, mixing thoroughly until
desired color is achieved. Add 1/8 cup varnish or polyurethane to add
durability to the glaze. It may also be helpful to add small amounts of mineral
spirits to facilitate mixing. This will be your ‘master glaze’. You can
experiment in a low visibility area of the surface being treated. Adjust color
to the ‘master glaze’ to your liking, wiping clean your test area after
each test application.
Step 5: Pounce
brush - Use a commercially purchased pounce (stipple) brush or create your
own inexpensive pounce brushes. Find out how.
Step 6: Wear
disposable gloves. Place a
portion of prepared glaze color in a 2.5 qt. bucket. Add mineral spirits and
dilute to proper consistency. Experiment. In the other bucket saturate a rag
with mineral spirits.
– BEWARE! It is important to use caution with solvents. Always use
appropriate protective gear on all exposed body areas, especially the hands and
eyes. Always work in a well-ventilated room. Do NOT work near heat
sources, and NEVER smoke while working, as many solvents are flammable.
When glazing, always work from top to bottom. If
you start at the bottom and work upward, any drips or spills occurring can
damage already treated lower portion finish.
Step 7: Wear
protective gloves. Use the
rag damp with mineral spirits and a clean 3 to 5 inch brush for applying your
color glaze. Starting at the top of the wall, one individual should use the
damp rag and wipe over surface. Work in one area at a time, moving methodically
forward over wall surface.
|Glazing application diagram for wall surfaces
Apply glaze in irregular sections.
This insures a random overall appearance and helps diminish potential 'burn'
lines (glaze build up from section to section).
See glazing methods for more information.
Saturating the surface first allows the glaze to go on
fluidly and evenly.
The second individual should take the brush, dipped in the
glaze, and brush over the dampened area of wall to spread glaze. Work evenly
over area for full coverage. Make sure not to leave any untreated areas. Soften
glaze color working in a criss-cross manner with another brush until relative
smoothness is achieved. Work quickly and conscientiously, keeping exposed edges
dampened with mineral spirits.
Step 8: Using
the stipple brush, begin the stipple process by hitting surface directly on
with bottom of the brush, holding the brush perpendicular to the surface. Use a
firm hand and continually move your wrist to vary pattern being created. This
will remove the freshly applied glaze from the surface, revealing the base
color and producing a spotty or sandy texture. It is best to go over the
surface loosely once, then return and begin to refine the pattern with your
Regularly wipe brush dry with a clean rag to remove excess glaze
and to ensure a fresh stipple pattern. Work evenly over surface.
If glaze is too fluid and continually
“sags” or runs, allow to set momentarily then return and work at glaze with
a dry brush until smooth. Be aware that oil-based glazes set quickly.
Step 9: Move
to next area and repeat. Do not stop until entire surface has been treated. Do
not put glaze on previous edge but rather apply within 1 inch or so and soften
into previous edge with your stipple brush or another dry brush.
At corners apply
glaze to within ˝ to 1 inch of edge and with a dry brush, work into corner,
then soften, smooth and stipple with a smaller, single brush. Use light, gentle
|Applying a protective varnish coat
Step 10: An
oil-based varnish, such as
, may be applied after stippled
surfaces have dried completely (24 hrs.) for protection. For wall surfaces it
is recommended to use
Step 11: Clean
up with mineral spirits.
Step 12: Retain
some of the master glaze for future touch ups in a covered glass container.
Dispose of remaining glazes properly.
Important Tip - How to fix drips and spills
If wet glaze gets onto an area that has already been
finished and has begun to set, it may dissolve the previous finish. Simply blot
area with a dry rag to remove excess. Any attempt to repair area before
completely dry may result in a mess that is virtually irreparable. Small areas
are manageable. Correcting large areas may require removing all the paint and
reapplying it from scratch.
Small area repair:
Once completely dry (24 hrs.) fresh glaze may be touched in with an artists
brush until desired results are achieved.
Large area repair:
Treat before drying is complete. If
a large area of glaze is affected and begins to burn away, or dissolve, the
removal of the entire glazed surface may be required. To do this, dampen a rag
with mineral spirits and wipe surface until clean, using multiple rags if
Alternatively, you may allow wall to dry completely (24
hrs.), then repaint base coat and begin again.
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Trompe L'oeil: Techniques & Projects
Very witty and highly original, trompe l'oeil really brightens up
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