Basic Surface Preparation 


 



Definitions
5 easy guidelines

Basic prep. resource
Furniture
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Patching drywall
Trim
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Floors
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Wood
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Floors

In this section
  New wood floors 
  Old wood floors
  Floors to be varnished or stained 
  Floors to be painted
   
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Special Features

New wood floors:

After installation of new wood floors, sanding is required to smooth the surface. A floor to be varnished or stained requires an initial coat of a product such as Paintmanufacture , Satinwood finish, or Minxax stain . Once dry, a process called ‘screening’ is performed. This entails smoothing the slightly rough surface created by the first coat of sealer or stain. The 'screening' process is achieved with using a power floor sander. The floor should then be completed with the application of 2 to 3 coats sealer. For sealer recommendations, refer to artSparx sealer resource.

Old wood floors:

Removal of paint, stain or varnishes from wooden floors is best achieved by using electric floor sanders, easily obtainable at most local hardware store. Both drum and orbital sanders are available, in addition to an edging sander.

Once the surface is sanded and all paint, stain or varnish has been removed, clean thoroughly with a vacuum and broom. Replace or secure any boards that have become broken or loose. Occasional areas may need to be filled or patched. A wood fill product, such as wood filler , is excellent for this purpose.  Any carpet adhesive or linoleum adhesive will be removed in the sanding process.

Floors to be varnished or stained:

A floor to be varnished or stained requires an initial coat of a product, such as latex varnish , Satinwood finish, or Minxax stain . Once dry, a process called ‘screening’ is performed. This entails smoothing the slightly rough surface created by the first coat of sealer or stain. The 'screening' process is achieved with using a power floor sander. The floor should then be completed with the application of 2 to 3 coats sealer. For sealer recommendations, refer to artSparx sealer resource.

Floors to be painted:

Prime the floor surface with the appropriate primer. To determine the correct primer to use, refer to the artSparx primer resource.

For interior residential floors, water-based floor enamels, such as paints by Paintmanufacture , provide sufficient durability. For commercial floors, high traffic areas and exterior floor surfaces, oil-based alkyd floor enamel, is recommended. 

For decorative finishing techniques, such as marbling, faux stone and terra cotta and simulated inlay techniques, refer to artSparx archives.

 

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