Basic Surface Preparation 




Definitions
5 easy guidelines

Basic prep. resource
Furniture
Walls 
Patching drywall
Trim
Windows
Ceilings
Floors
Metal
Glass
Wood
Hints and tips

 

 

TkBanner 10000003


Find out
how to use the proper paint sheen in your home.

Antiquing silver leaf
The soft glow of slightly tarnished silver.

Rag rolling
techniques

Color wash
techniques

more decorative techniques...

 
 
 
 

Walls - Windows & trim - Ceilings

Base preparation techniques for painted surfaces.

Walls:

For drywall and plaster walls remove any nails, screws or loose paint with a hammer, pliers and scrapper respectively. To fill holes apply a lightweight spackling compound, or drywall compound with a trowel or putty knife. For large holes use wall patch meshing or fill area with a piece of drywall, cut to size, tape edges with drywall tape, then apply drywall compound and let dry. For large areas a second application of drywall compound may be required. ‘Float’ the edges out, thinning the compound as you spread it outward from patched area. Sand surface smooth. Final sanding should be done with 220 grit sandpaper. Prime the patched areas with appropriate primer. To determine the correct primer to use refer to the artSparx primer resource. For most wall surfaces a water-based primer, such as Ben Moore primer , or an oil-based primer, will be sufficient. Once primed and allowed to dry thoroughly, the base coat (for decorative finishes) or finished coat (for one color process) may be applied. 

Windows, Doors and Trim:

Remove all nails, screws, curtain rods and window dressings. Tape off glass areas, or use paint tape . Strip surface if desired. Refer to the artSparx stripper’s resource for appropriate  products and methods.

Sand surface to smooth any irregularities.  Where needed, patch holes with wood filler , using a putty knife. Allow to dry fully. Repeat if necessary. Sand areas smooth using 220 grit sand paper. Prime area with appropriate primer, such as Ben Moore primer . To determine the correct primer to use, refer to the artSparx primer resource. When thoroughly dry, apply base color (for decorative finishes) or finished coat (for one color process).


Satin or semi-gloss paint sheen is commonly used for windows, doors and trim and generally creates a nice contrast to flat (matte) or eggshell wall finishes.

Oil-based paints are often used for windows, doors and trim. It provides a stronger bond and a more durable surface for these high use areas.

Do not use water-based primers under a topcoat of oil-based paint.

Ceilings:

For drywall and plaster ceilings remove any nails, screws or loose paint with a hammer, pliers and scrapper respectively. To fill holes apply a lightweight spackling compound, or drywall compound with a trowel or putty knife. For large holes use wall patch meshing or fill area with a piece of drywall, cut to size, tape edges with drywall tape, then apply drywall compound and let dry. For large areas a second application of drywall compound may be required. ‘Float’ the edges out, thinning the compound as you spread it outward from patched area. Sand surface smooth. Final sanding should be done with 220 grit sand paper. Prime the patched areas with appropriate primer. To determine the correct primer to use, refer to the artSparx primer resource. For most ceiling surfaces a water-based primer, Ben Moore primer , or oil-based primer will be sufficient. Once primed and allowed to dry thoroughly, the base coat (for decorative finishes) or finished coat (for one color process) may be applied. 

Matte or flat finishes tend to work best for ceilings. This is because these sheens are non-reflective, thus hiding limiting any irregularities or paint blemishes which might otherwise be exposed by reflections from windows and light fixtures.

 

Home Decor •  Artists • Members • Store • Site Map

Join the artSparx community! Become a registered member now.

Capture your target market!
Advertise at artSparx and reach over 100,000 unique visitors per month!
artSparx Advertising Information

Become a link partner
Add features to your site! Free

Media Support Center

www.fiarde.com    www.gildedplanet.com   www.architecturalfx.com   www.ediblegold.com
 Copyright 2010 artSparx.com. Media Center Except as otherwise expressly permitted under law, no copying, redistribution,
retransmission, publication or commercial exploitation of material or concept are permitted without the express written permission
of artSparx.com and Copyright owner. Legal       San Francisco, Ca.   415.407.5097

DIY, home improvement, kitchen cabinets, tools, lighting, ceramic tile, home decor, kitchen design, gardening, home decorating,
patio furniture, paint, insulation, home improvement, fencing, appliances, plumbing, power tools, hardware,
home improvement, bathroom remodeling, kitchen remodeling, plumbing supply