For trim, moldings, furniture, objects
An eggshell sheen is recommended for all surfaces being
treated with all decorative finishes produced with the Negative method of glaze
The method that
follows is designed to create a standard dragged effect, with a dark tone glazed
over a lighter base coat.
Step 1: Remove
all nails and repair any damaged or cracked areas. Prime as needed. Refer to
the artsparx basic preparation resource for tips and techniques….
Step 2: Isolate
moldings, doors and trim by taping off wall surfaces and surrounding areas. If
necessary, remove all electrical cover plates. Cover furniture and floor areas
with drop cloths.
|Base colors and mixing your glaze
Determine the overall color value of the surface being treated. Choose an
eggshell base color. A base coat of off white, such as
sufficient, as the top color will act as the finished color tone. Allow this base color to fully dry (24 hrs).
Step 4: Mix the
secondary, drag color. In a bucket create a color combination that is the
value and color you would like to achieve. The glaze coat is mixed as a
concentrated color, then diluted to the fluidity needed for the glazing
process. As a general rule, it is better to mix too much glaze color than not
enough. It is very difficult to match the custom color once you have started
glazing a room. For most rooms, one quart of
liquid will be sufficient. Using universal tinters, add color slowly, mixing
thoroughly until desired color is achieved. Add 1/8 cup varnish or polyurethane
to add durability to the glaze. It may also be helpful to add small amounts of
mineral spirits to facilitate mixing. This will be your ‘master glaze’. You
can experiment in a low visibility area of the surface being treated. Adjust
color of the ‘master glaze’ to your liking, wiping clean your test area
after each test application
Step 5: Wear
disposable gloves. With glaze
color prepared, place a portion of glaze color in one of the 2.5 qt. Buckets. Add mineral spirits and dilute to proper consistency.
Experiment. In the other bucket saturate a rag with mineral spirits.
– BEWARE! It is important to use caution with solvents. Always use
appropriate protective gear on all exposed body areas, especially the hands and
eyes. Always work in a well-ventilated room. Do NOT work near heat
sources, and NEVER smoke while working, as many solvents are flammable.
|Creating the dragged look
Step 6: The
effect of a dragged treatment on doors and trim resembles a wood grained effect.
Therefore it is important to drag in the proper direction to maximize this
effect. Below is a diagram that shows the proper method of dragging doors and
Glazing a door with inset panel.
Begin with center panel.
B: Continue to center panel moldings, always dragging in a horizontal or
C: Drag top and bottom panel in a horizontal manner.
D: Use a damp rag and wipe clean a straight line between panel 3 and 4.
This mimics the grain pattern of how the door is put together.
E: Glaze left and right panel 4, carefully dragging against clean line
created in step D with your dry brush.
dragging, always work from the inner
most areas to the outside. For example, when glazing a door, start with the
inner door panels, top first, then lower. Moving progressively outward towards
the edges until door is complete.
wetting the wall
Step 7: Wear
protective gloves. Prepare the
rag by dampening with mineral spirits and use a clean 3 inch to 5 inch brush for the
color glaze. For doors and trim follow the diagram to see where to begin the
Dampen the surface with your rag. Work one area at a time. See glazing methods
for more information. Saturating the surface first allows the glaze to go on
fluidly and evenly.
spreading the glaze
Step 8: Take a brush, dipped in the glaze, and brush over dampened
area to spread glaze. Work evenly over area for full coverage. Make sure not to
leave any untreated areas. Soften glaze color working in a criss-cross manner
with another brush until relative smoothness is achieved. Work quickly and
conscientiously, keeping exposed edges dampened with mineral spirits.
|Dragging glazing application diagram for wall surfaces
Apply glaze in regular sections.
Leave edge wet with glaze so when moving from one area
to the next there is a smooth transition.
drag the glaze
Step 9: Take
a clean, dry bristle brush and with a firm hand begin at one end of surface,
dragging the brush evenly through the glaze until you reach the other end. This
will remove the freshly applied glaze from the surface, revealing the base
color and producing a dragged, lined texture.
Regularly wipe dry brush with a
clean rag to remove excess glaze and to insure a fresh drag pattern. Work
evenly over surface.
If glaze is too fluid and continually
“sags” or runs, allow to set momentarily then return and work at glaze with
a dry brush until smooth.
Step 10: Move
to next area and repeat. Work glaze to previous edge but don’t overlap
existing drag. Continue until area is completed.
|Applying a protective varnish coat
Step 11: An
oil-based varnish, such as
, may be applied after striee surfaces
have dried completely (24 hrs.) for surface protection. For trim and molding
surfaces it is recommended to use
low-luster finish, or satin sheen varnish.
Step 12: Dispose
of rags properly. Clean up with mineral spirits.
Step 13: Retain
some of the master glaze for future touch ups in a covered glass
container. Dispose of remaining glazes properly.
Important Tip - How to fix drips and spills
If wet glaze gets onto an area that has already been
finished and has begun to set, it may dissolve the previous finish. Simply blot
area with a dry rag to remove excess. Any attempt to repair area before
completely dry may result in a mess that is virtually irreparable. Small areas
are manageable. Correcting large areas may require removing all the paint and
reapplying it from scratch.
Small area repair:
Once completely dry (24 hrs.) fresh glaze may be touched in with an artists
brush until desired results are achieved.
Large area repair:
Treat before drying is complete. If
a large area of glaze is affected and begins to burn away, or dissolve, the
removal of the entire glazed surface may be required. To do this, dampen a rag
with mineral spirits and wipe surface until clean, using multiple rags if
Alternatively, you may allow wall to dry completely (24
hrs.), then repaint base coat and begin again.